Highlights North Shore Health Department Highlights 1/7/2020 Did you know? January is Radon Action Month. Radon is a naturally occurring, tasteless, odorless radioactive gas that is present in the ground. Radon gas forms when certain common radioactive metals like uranium, thorium, or radium break down in rocks, soil and groundwater. The gas can enter your home through the foundation. Radon is the second leading cause of lung cancer after cigarette smoking. Smoking combined with radon exposure poses additional lifetime risks of developing lung cancer. One out of ten homes in Wisconsin has a high radon level. Radon levels vary from home to home, even in the same community. Having your home tested is the only effective way to determine whether you and your family are at risk of high radon exposure. Protect yourself and your family this month by testing your home with a radon testing kit. Short-term test kits are available for sale at either of the North Shore Health Department offices for $7/each. Call the North Shore Health Department at 414-37-2980 if you are interested in obtaining a radon test kit or if you have any questions about radon. The following websites also contain additional information about radon: https://www.dhs.wisconsin.gov/radon/index.htm https://www.epa.gov/radon North Shore Health Department Highlights 12/23/2019 · Parents should exercise caution when purchasing and allowing children to play with new toys. According to SafeKids Worldwide (an international organization dedicated to eliminating preventable childhood injuries), in the year 2016, 174,100 children under the age of 15 years were seen in emergency departments for toy-related injuries. That’s 477 kids every day. Almost half of those injured were children 5 and under. · Top Tips about Toy Safety: Consider your child’s age when purchasing a toy or game. Read the instructions and warning labels to make sure the toy is just right for your child. If someone else purchased the toy and you determine it to be inappropriate or dangerous, consider returning the gift or keeping it out of site until the child grows to the appropriate age for the toy. It would also be the perfect time to have a discussion with the gift giver, letting them know how much you appreciate the gift, but that since your child’s safety is a top priority for you both, they will have to wait until they are older to play with it. Check to make sure there aren’t any small parts or other potential choking hazards before you settle on the perfect toy. Separate toys by age and keep a special eye on small game pieces that may be a choking hazard for young children. Parts from toys intended for older children may pose a choking risk to younger, curious siblings. Use a bin or container to contain toys once playtime is over. Make sure there are no holes or hinges that could catch little fingers. For more info on toy safety, go to : https://www.safekids.org/tip/toy-safety-tips or https://www.cpsc.gov/Safety-Education/Safety-Guides/toys-crafts/toys North Shore Health Department Highlights 12/17/2019 Did you know? According to the CDC’s Antibiotic Resistance Threats in the Unites States, 2019 report, more than 2.8 million antibiotic-resistant infections occur in the U.S. each year, and more than 35,000 people die as a result. In addition, 223,900 cases of Clostridioides difficile occurred in 2017 and at least 12,800 people died. CDC is concerned about rising resistant infections in the community, which can put more people at risk, make the spread of disease more difficult to identify and contain, and threaten the progress made to protect patients in healthcare. The emergence and spread of new forms of resistance remains a concern. To read the full report, go to: https://www.cdc.gov/drugresistance/pdf/threats-report/2019-ar-threats-report-508.pdf Infections caused by antibiotic-resistant germs are difficult, and sometimes impossible to treat—but we can help stop the spread of these germs. Antibiotic resistance happens when germs like bacteria and fungi develop the ability to defeat the drugs designed to kill them. No one can completely avoid getting an infection, but there are steps you can take to reduce your risk: • Clean Your Hands: Keeping your hands clean is one of the best ways to avoid getting sick and prevent infections and spreading germs. • Get Vaccinated: Vaccines are an important step to prevent infections, including resistant infections. Talk to your healthcare provider about recommended vaccines • Be Aware of Changes in Your Health: Talk to your healthcare provider about how to recognize signs and symptoms of infections, or if you think you have an infection. If an infection isn’t stopped, it can lead to additional complications like sepsis, a life-threatening medical emergency. • Use Antibiotics Appropriately: Talk with your healthcare provider or veterinarian about the best treatment when you, your family, or your animal is sick. Antibiotics save lives, but any time they are used they can cause sides effects and lead to antibiotic resistance if not taken properly. For more info on how to protect you and your family, go to: https://www.cdc.gov/drugresistance/protecting_yourself_family.html North Shore Health Department Highlights 12/10/2019 Did you know? Elder self-neglect is a public health issue that affects millions of older people each year. It occurs across the world, in all types of societies, cultures and across every education and economic strata. Elder self-neglect has been linked to devastating outcomes on older adults’ physical and psychological well-being, higher mortality rate, and increased utilization of health care services. It can manifest itself in the form of refusal or failure to provide themselves with adequate food, water, clothing, shelter, personal hygiene, medication, or safety precautions. In the US, self-neglect has been the primary type (41.9%) of elder abuse cases reported to the Adult Protective Services (APS). Multiple studies have shown it to occur in up to 30% of elderly people living alone. Keep in mind that self-neglect is different than decisions that lead to poor outcomes by a competent elder. Some risk factors linked to elder self-neglect: cognitive impairment physical disability psychological distress Some preventative strategies include: Listening to and trying to understand the multifaceted situation and values of a self-neglecting senior Encouraging a comprehensive geriatric assessment to be conducted. Some brief screening tests exist, such as the Hopkins Competency Assessment Test to help evaluate decision-making capacity or the Mini-Cog that can detect cognitive impairment. The NSHD held two Memory Screening events in the past few months and will hold more in 2020. Engaging a multidisciplinary team that may include medical and mental health professionals, caregivers, community educational programs, social workers, and financial service agencies. Open and honest conversation early on with a self-neglecting elder is never easy, but it is likely essential to prevent a debilitating situation. Checking on family members and loved ones frequently is a good way to keep abreast of a potential self-neglect situation. For more information on elder self-neglect and elder abuse, go to: https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/elderabuse/index.html For information from Wisconsin’s Department of Health Services on services for older adults and their caregivers, go to: https://www.dhs.wisconsin.gov/aging/index.htm North Shore Health Department Highlights 12/3/2019 Did you know? It’s not too late to receive your flu shot! December 2-8th is National Influenza Vaccination week. We may sound like a broken record here, still harping about flu vaccine, but it is for good reason backed by sound data. Influenza is a potentially serious disease that can lead to hospitalization and sometimes even death, especially in the very old and very young. In Wisconsin alone, just since September 2019, there have been 6 deaths and 57 influenza-associated hospitalizations (3 in the North Shore area) and these numbers will only be climbing as the flu season progresses. An annual seasonal flu vaccine for everyone six months of age and older is the best way to help protect against flu-not only for you, but also for all of those around you. There are many reasons to get a flu vaccine. • Reduce your risk of: Flu illness Doctor’s visits Missed work/school Reduce severity of flu illness Protect women before and after pregnancy Protect babies unable to get the vaccine While CDC recommends getting vaccinated against the flu by the end of October each year, they encourage vaccination through January or later as flu seasons have lengthened over the years. People have been diagnosed with the flu well into the Spring, meaning it is not too late to get your flu shot. Remember that it takes about two weeks after being immunized for your body to develop sufficient antibodies to protect you. Fit in your immunization before holiday gatherings. The North Shore Health Department offers an assortment of flu immunizations, including: • Quadrivalent flu shots for $40 • Preservative free quadrivalent flu shots for $45 • High dose flu shots (ages 65 and over) for $65 (We can bill medicare.) For more data and information on the prevention of influenza through vaccine, please visit: https://www.cdc.gov/flu/prevent/keyfacts.htm?CDC_AA_refVal=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.cdc.gov%2Ffeatures%2Ffighttheflu%2Findex.html North Shore Health Department Highlights 11/26/2019 Did you know? “The stomach flu” is not actually a flu. What is commonly considered stomach flu is most likely norovirus. Norovirus is the leading cause of vomiting and diarrhea from acute gastroenteritis (inflammation of the stomach and intestines) among people of all ages. In the United states, on average norovirus causes 19 to 21 million cases of acute gastroenteritis and contributes to about 56,000 to 71,000 hospitalizations and 570 to 800 deaths, mostly among young children and the elderly. Norovirus spreads easily through transfer of fecal (“poop”) or vomit particles. It can easily contaminate food and water because as few as 10 virus particles can make you sick. Food and water can get contaminated with norovirus in many ways, including when: An infected person touches food with their bare hands that are contaminated Food is placed on a counter or surface that is contaminated Tiny drops of vomit from an infected person spray through the air and land on the food The food is grown or harvested with contaminated water (harvested oysters or field-irrigated fruit and vegetables) Common symptoms of norovirus include diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, and stomach pain. People with norovirus are typically ill for 1 to 3 days. Follow these simple steps to protect yourself and others from norovirus: Wash your hands often (especially after using the bathroom or changing diapers) Rinse fruits and vegetables Cook shellfish thoroughly Stay home when sick and for two days after symptoms stop Avoid preparing food for others when sick and for two days after symptoms stop For more information about norovirus, visit the CDC website: https://www.cdc.gov/norovirus/index.html To view a video on proper handwashing to prevent the spread of Norovirus: https://youtu.be/4f65IzxfIWM North Shore Health Department Highlights 11/19/2019 Did you know? The Great American Smoke Out is on Thursday, November 21, 2019. While the cessation of traditional cigarette smoking springs to mind, there is no reason not to consider quitting a vaping habit on this day of solidarity, especially if you are a teen. According to the most recent information from the National Youth Tobacco Survey, vaping among high school students nearly doubled from 12% in 2017 to 21% in 2018. The same strategies that are used to help traditional smokers quit are easily transferable to the fight to become vape free. Make a list of reasons to quit and refer to it often. Carefully pick a quit day and prepare for it. Learn your triggers and avoid them in the early quit stages. Prepare for cravings and withdrawal. Build your support team in advance and always imagine your vape free self. You don’t have to do it alone-help is out there! For more ideas on how to quit vaping, go to: https://teen.smokefree.gov/quit-vaping/how-to-quit-vaping and/or consider calling the WI Tobacco Quitline which provides one on one assistance to those in the fight to quit: https://ctri.wisc.edu/quit-line/ North Shore Health Department Highlights 11/12/2019 Did you know? Data from the 2018 United Health Foundation’s annual health ranking placed Wisconsin as the worst state in the country for excessive drinking, with about 24 percent of adults reportedly drinking to excess. Excessive alcohol consumption includes: binge drinking, heavy drinking (15+ drinks/week for men; 8+ drinks/week for women and any alcohol consumption by youth under 21 or pregnant women. Binge drinking is defined as 5+ drinks per occasion for men and 4+ drinks per occasion for women. An occasion is defined as 2-3 hours. The negative health, social, and economic impacts of these alcohol statistics are staggering. For instance, according to a 2018 study (The Burden of Binge Drinking in Wisconsin report) from the UW Population Health Institute at the UW School of Medicine and Public Health, adult binge drinking in Wisconsin cost almost $4 billion a year, which is approximately $700 per Wisconsin resident. This included health related costs such as over 79,000 alcohol related hospitalizations and over 6,000 alcohol related automobile crashes. The Health Institute report suggests many improvements that can be made on the local and state legislative fronts. A 2016 CDC publication provides recommendations that can be considered at the community level, such as stepping up the enforcement of laws that prohibit alcohol sales to minors and the regulation of alcohol outlet density, which is the number of places that sell alcohol in a defined geographic area. See https://www.cdc.gov/chronicdisease/resources/publications/aag/pdf/2015/alcohol-aag.pdf Everyone can contribute to the prevention of excessive alcohol use. You can: Choose not to drink too much yourself and help others not do it. If you choose to drink alcohol, follow the U.S. Dietary Guidelines on moderate alcohol consumption (no more than one drink per day for women and no more than 2 drinks per day for men) Support effective community strategies to prevent excessive alcohol use, such as those recommended by the CDC and Wisconsin reports. Not serve or provide alcohol to those who should not be drinking, including children or teens and those who have already drank too much. Talk with your health care provider about your drinking behavior and request counseling if you drink too much. Remember that your children are watching. Your drinking habits set a model that will be with them for the rest of their lives. North Shore Health Department Highlights 11/5/2019 Did you know? Pertussis (whooping cough) is a common (endemic) disease in the United States, with peaks in reported disease every few years and frequent outbreaks. Across the region we have seen an increase in the number of Pertussis cases, especially among school children. Pertussis is a highly contagious respiratory illness. Pertussis begins with cold-like symptoms, but after 1-2 weeks, it can cause violent and rapid coughing, over and over, until the air is gone from the lungs and a person is forced to inhale with a loud "whooping" sound. This extreme coughing can even cause vomiting and leaves a person very tired. The bacteria that cause pertussis are carried through the air on droplets of saliva and are spread by a sick person coughing or sneezing, or by spending time near an infected person. Pertussis is commonly tested by obtaining a nasopharyngeal specimen and treated by antibiotics. Patients requiring treatment should be excluded from activities including school/day care until the full course of appropriate antibiotic therapy has been completed. People who have a known exposure to pertussis, especially those with symptoms, should contact their physician. In some cases, prophylactic antibiotics are given to high risk and/or close contacts to prevent infection. The best way to prevent pertussis is to get vaccinated. Children normally get 5 doses of the DTap vaccine (Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis) administered between 2 months and 6 years of age. Pre-teens, teens, and adults should get vaccinated with a boosted vaccine called Tdap. Tdap should also be administered to pregnant women during each pregnancy. Read more about pertussis at : https://www.cdc.gov/pertussis/ Read more about pertussis vaccines at: https://www.vaccines.gov/diseases/pertussis North Shore Health Department Highlights 10/29/2019 Did you know? October is Domestic Violence Prevention Month. Domestic violence (also called intimate partner violence, domestic abuse or relationship abuse) affects millions of people of all genders, every race, religion, culture and status. Nearly three out of four Americans personally know someone who is or has been a victim of domestic violence. Domestic violence doesn’t look the same in every relationship because every relationship is different. But one thing most abusive relationships have in common is that the abusive partner asserts more power and control over their partner. Some of the signs of an abusive relationship include a partner who: · Tells you that you can never do anything right · Shows extreme jealousy of your friends and time spent away · Keeps you or discourages you from seeing friends or family members · Insults, demeans or shames you with put-downs · Controls every penny spent in the household · Takes your money or refuses to give you money for necessary expenses · Looks at you or acts in ways that scare you · Controls who you see, where you go, or what you do · Prevents you from making your own decisions · Tells you that you are a bad parent or threatens to harm or take away your children · Prevents you from working or attending school · Destroys your property or threatens to hurt or kill your pets · Intimidates you with guns, knives or other weapons · Pressures you to have sex when you don’t want to or do things sexually you’re not comfortable with · Pressures you to use drugs or alcohol Since the Violence Against Women Act passed in 1994, we’ve come a long way. This landmark legislation holds offenders accountable and provide programs and services for victims. Between 1993 and 2010, the overall rate of domestic violence dropped nearly two-thirds and state laws have reformed to address issues such as dating abuse in the workplace, stalking, employment discrimination and more. If you need assistance or want to talk to someone about domestic violence, call the National Domestic Violence Hotline at 1−800−799−7233 or online chat at www.thehotline.org/ to speak with a trained advocate. Learn more about intimate partner violence at: https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/intimatepartnerviolence/index.html North Shore Health Department Highlights 10/22/2019 Did you know? The third week in October is National Teen Driver Safety Week. Do you have a new driver in the family? It marks a time of new independence for teens and new worries for parents. There is sound reason for concern: Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death of teens, ahead of all other types of injury, violence or disease. In fact, every day, six teens are killed in a car crash. However, research has shown there are strategies that parents can use to address these concerns: Be a good example behind the wheel. Your kids have been watching your driving for years. No one is perfect, but it’s never too late to start being the role model your kids deserve. Know and enforce the law. Wisconsin’s Graduated Driving Laws are summarized at: https://wisconsindot.gov/Pages/dmv/teen-driver/yr-frst-lcns/gdl-summary.aspx Studies have found that teens who had a formal agreement with their parents on acceptable behaviors while driving were less likely to engage in risky behavior. For a sample document, go to: https://www.safekids.org/other-resource/parent-teen-drivers-agreement In addition, SafeKids Worldwide offers seven tips for driving safely Buckle up: every person, every time Don’t drink and drive Limit the number of passengers in a car Don’t text and drive Follow the speed limit Only drive in the dark after extra practice Speak up when any driver is driving unsafely North Shore Health Department Highlights 10/15/2019 Did you know? Conveniently timed to coincide with Halloween and Trick-or-Treating, October is National Dental Hygiene Month. With bags of free candy and more sweets than your children can eat in one sitting, it’s no surprise that Halloween can also present health challenges. Here's some tips to help your family stay tooth-healthy on Halloween and year-round. • Time it right: Eat Halloween candy and other sugary foods with meals or shortly after mealtime. Saliva production increases during meals, which helps cancel out acids produced by bacteria in your mouth and rinse away food particles. Snacking can increase your risk of cavities, and sweet snacks are even worse. • Choose candy carefully: Avoid hard candy and other sweets that stay in your mouth for a long time. The longer time candies stay in the mouth, the increased risk of tooth decay. Sticky candies like taffy and gummy bears stick to your teeth and take even longer to get washed away by saliva, increasing the risk for tooth decay. • Drink more water: Drinking fluoridated water can help prevent tooth decay. • Brush and floss: Brush your teeth twice a day for two minutes with fluoride toothpaste. Remember to replace your toothbrush every three or four months, or sooner if the bristles are frayed. A worn toothbrush won't do a good job of cleaning your teeth. Floss your teeth once a day to get decay-causing bacteria between teeth and under the gum line where toothbrush bristles can't reach. • Visit the dentist: Regular visits to your dentist can help prevent problems from occurring and catch those that do occur early, when they are easy to treat. For more information on protecting your child’s teeth, visit https://www.cdc.gov/oralhealth/basics/childrens-oral-health/fl_caries.htm North Shore Health Department Highlights 10/8/2019 Did you know? We are a month into the 2019-2020 flu season. Flu or influenza is a serious disease that can lead to hospitalization or even death for some individuals. During last year’s flu season, 29 influenza related hospitalizations of North Shore residents were reported to the Health Department and there has been one this year already. Every flu season is different, which is why we recommend an annual seasonal flu vaccine as the best way to protect against the flu. Vaccination has been shown to lower the risk of flu-related illnesses, hospitalizations and even flu-related death. There are many vaccine options to choose from, but the most important thing is for all people 6 months and older to get a flu vaccine every year. If you have questions about which vaccine is best for you, talk to your doctor or other health care professional. If you have questions about this year’s flu season, the CDC has more information at: https://www.cdc.gov/flu/season/faq-flu-season-2019-2020.htm The North Shore Health Department is hosting a number of flu clinics this fall. See below for details on where and when these clinics will occur. Walk-in Flu Clinics (No appointment necessary) Regular flu vaccine prices apply at walk-in clinics and scheduled flu vaccine appointments. See website nshealthdept.org for more details Wednesday, October 9, 2019 7:30 am – 4:00 pm Shorewood Office Monday, October 14, 2019 7:30 am – 4:00 pm Brown Deer Office Saturday, October 19, 2019 (At this clinic only, we are offering the flu vaccine for children ages 2-18 years for $10). 9:00 am – 11:00 am Nicolet High School Cafeteria Tuesday, October 29, 2019 3:00 pm – 5:00 pm North Shore Library Wednesday, November 13, 2019 1:00 pm – 5:00 pm Brown Deer and Shorewood Offices Upcoming Immunization Clinics (appointment required) - Please call the North Shore Health Department for an appointment at 414-371-2980. Thursday, October 10, 3-4:30 p.m., Shorewood Tuesday, October 15, 7:30-9:00 a.m., Shorewood Wednesday, October 16, 3:30-4:30 p.m., Brown Deer Tuesday, October 29, 3:30-4:30 p.m., North Shore Library Upcoming Adult Health Clinics (appointment required; 8-10:00 a.m.) Blood analysis for cholesterol, glucose and triglycerides, blood pressure, weight check and a nurse consultation. Please call the NSHD for an appointment at 414-371-2980. Wednesday, October 16th, Brown Deer Tuesday, October 22nd, Shorewood Wednesday, November 20th, Brown Deer Tuesday, November 26th, Shorewood Upcoming Blood Pressure Screening (walk-ins welcome – no appointment necessary) Thursday, October 17, 12:30-1:00 p.m., LX Club (WFB Women’s Club, 600 E. Henry Clay St.) Tuesday, October 22, 1:30-2:30 p.m., WFB Sr. Center (5205 Lydell Avenue) Wednesday, October 23 , 3:30-4:30. p.m. NSHD Shorewood Office 2010 E. Shorewood Blvd For the most up-to-date information on pricing, upcoming clinics and screenings, visit the Clinics page of our website at: http://www.nshealthdept.org/Clinics North Shore Health Department Highlights 10/2/2019 October is Breast Cancer Awareness Month. Breast cancer is the most common cancer affecting women, causing 29% of all female cancers. Breast cancer can result in significant clinical, psychological, and financial burden. Most women understand the importance of monthly self-examinations and regular mammograms for early detection. Less well known is that research in the past decade has consistently shown support for exercise to lower the risk of developing breast cancer, prevent recurrence after treatment, improve quality of life, and counteract side effects from cancer treatments. According to Dana Farber Medical Center, a review of lifestyle factors on breast cancer mortality found that physical activity is consistently linked to a lower risk of breast cancer recurrence. A large study showed that women who exercised moderately (the equivalent of walking three to five hours a week at an average pace) following a breast cancer diagnosis had 40 to 50 percent lower risk of breast cancer recurrence and death compared with women who exercised less. The benefit of exercise was particularly apparent in women with hormone-responsive breast tumors. It can be difficult to find time to exercise. The following tips may help you become more active. · Choose the stairs. · Bike or walk instead of driving. · Take your pet for a walk. · Walk on your lunch break. · Wear a step-tracking device and increase your daily steps. · Skip the coffee shop and walk with a friend—or walk to the coffee shop. · Use a stationary bicycle or treadmill while watching TV. Read more at: https://www.breastcancer.org/research-news/exercise-during-tx-after-sx-offers-benefits North Shore Health Department Highlights 09/24/2019 New baby? Make sure they’re sleeping safely. Approximately 3,500 infants die annually in the United States from sleep-related deaths, including sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS); ill-defined deaths; and accidental suffocation and strangulation. The American Academy of Pediatrics revised their guidelines on safe sleep for infants in 2016 in order to reduce SIDS and other sleep-related infant deaths. AAP recommendations on creating a safe sleep environment include: Put baby on their back on a firm sleep surface such as a crib or bassinet with a tight-fitting sheet. Avoid use of soft bedding, including crib bumpers, blankets, pillows and soft toys. The crib should be bare. Share a bedroom with parents, but not the same sleeping surface, preferably until the baby turns one but at least for the first six months. (Room-sharing decreases the risk of SIDS by as much as 50 percent.) Avoid exposing baby to smoke, alcohol and illicit drugs. Implement skin-to-skin care, regardless of feeding or delivery method, immediately following birth for at least an hour as soon as the mother is medically stable and awake. Breastfeeding is also recommended to add protection against SIDS. After feeding, the AAP encourages parents to move the baby to their separate sleeping space. For more information on safe sleep, visit: https://www.cdc.gov/sids/parents-caregivers.htm North Shore Health Department Highlights 09/17/2019 Did You Know? September 23, 2019, the first day of fall, marks the 10th annual National Falls Prevention Awareness Day, sponsored by the National Council on Aging (NCOA). Falls are the leading cause of injury-related emergency department visits for older adults, the major cause of hip fractures, and responsible for more than half of fatal head injuries. In the US, one in four adults aged 65 or older falls every year. Falls, with or without injury, also carry a heavy quality of life impact. A growing number of older adults fear falling and, as a result, limit their activities and social engagements. This can result in further physical decline, depression, social isolation, and feelings of helplessness. Falls are not an inevitable part of aging. The North Shore Health Department in conjunction with the North Shore Fire Department and local sponsors have held four “Stepping On” classes this year. “Stepping On” is an evidence-based fall prevention class which meets for two hours weekly for seven weeks. These classes highlight how exercise, medication management, vision screening, and making your living environment safer are all steps people can do to prevent a fall. The next session begins on September 24, 2019 at the New Perspectives Senior Living Center in Brown Deer. Contact the NSHD at 414-371-2980 if interested in attending. Additionally, there are classes held throughout the year in Milwaukee County that can be found on the Wisconsin Institute for Healthy Aging’s website. https://wihealthyaging.org/stepping-on-consumer North Shore Health Department Highlights for 09/10/2019 Did You Know? September 15-21, 2019 is National Child Passenger Safety Week. The goal is to make sure your child is in the correct car seat, that it’s properly installed, used correctly, and that it’s registered with the manufacturer to ensure you receive important safety updates. Some studies have shown that approximately 75% of child safety seats are not installed correctly. If you are an expectant parent, give yourself enough time to learn how to properly install the car safety seat in your car before your baby is born to ensure a safe ride home from the hospital. Car seat information is easy to find, but often it’s difficult for parents and caregivers to decide which seat is best for their child. Follow these tips to ensure your child is in the right seat: Choose the correct direction: Rear or forward facing? https://www.safekids.org/ultimate-car-seat-guide/ Know your car seat’s history. Seats that have been involved in a crash should be discarded. Check the label to make sure the seat is appropriate for your child’s age, weight, and height. Determine if a tether is necessary. Most forward facing seats require these now. https://www.safekids.org/blog/new-research-car-seat-tethers-released As your child grows, continually re-evaluate the type of car seat that is best for them. https://www.safekids.org/interactive/car-seat-booster-seat-or-seat-belt-where-does-your-kid-fit Make sure your car seat is installed properly and used every time your child takes a ride. Visit our website to learn more about car seat safety and to schedule a car seat installation appointment with the North Shore Health Department or North Shore Fire Rescue: https://www.nshealthdept.org/CarSeatSafety.aspx To make an appointment through Milwaukee Children’s Hospital of Wisconsin, call 414-231-4896. North Shore Health Department Highlights for 09/03/2019 September is National Suicide Prevention Awareness Month, which includes National Suicide Prevention Awareness Week, September 9-15, and World Suicide Prevention Day on September 10. During the month of September organizations highlight suicide prevention efforts by advocating for prevention strategies and networking to share resources and information. Studies by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention show that suicide rates are rising. The rate of suicide has increased more than 30 percent in half of the states across the United States since 1999, with approximately 45,000 lives lost to suicide in 2016 alone. Research has shown that more than half of people who die by suicide did not have a known mental health condition. It is important for people to learn how to recognize and respond to suicide. Research shows people who are having thoughts of suicide feel relief when someone asks after them in a caring way. Findings suggest acknowledging and talking about suicide may reduce rather than increase suicidal ideation. Learn how to recognize and respond by paying attention to the warning signs of suicide: Feeling like a burden Being isolated Increased anxiety Feeling trapped or in unbearable pain Increased substance use Looking for a way to access lethal means Increased anger or rage Extreme mood swings Expressing hopelessness Sleeping too little or too much Talking or posting about wanting to die Making plans for suicide If you notice any warning signs, starting a conversation with the person may save their life. Share the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline number, 1-800-273-8255 (TALK) and be willing to assist the person with the call. Taking the person directly to help can be the best option to ensure they receive the help they need. Additional tips can be found at how to talk about suicide. Your willingness to listen and help can save a life. North Shore Health Department Highlights for 8/27/2019 Drowning remains the number one unintentional cause of death for children in the U.S. ages 1 to 4, and the second leading cause among children ages 5 to 14. Most parents are vigilant when enjoying summer activities with their young kids, but it is important to realize that drownings occur all year long. Bathtubs, fountains, toilets and even buckets also can pose a danger for very young children since most of these drownings are due to children falling into a pool or being left alone in the bathtub. When the unthinkable happens, caregivers often say, “I only looked away for a second.” Following are a few water safety precautions: Never leave your child alone in the bathtub or near water; if you have to leave, take your child with you. Find age-appropriate swim lessons for yourself and child which are available all year long. Go tohttps://www.ymcamke.org/swim-lessons/ to find lessons near you. Scholarships may be available upon proven need. Keep in mind that lessons do not make your child "drown-proof" and that lifeguards aren't babysitters; there is no substitute for a caregiver’s undivided attention near water. If a child is missing, check the water first. Learn CPR and rescue techniques. Although it is true that the younger the child, the greater the risk; it is important to encourage teens and young adults to keep water safety in mind as the dangers may not be on their radar. Make sure the body of water matches your skill level; swimming in a pool is much different than swimming in a lake or river, where more strength is needed to handle currents Never drink alcohol while swimming or operating a boat. Alcohol is involved in about half of all male teen drownings, according to KidsHealth.org North Shore Health Department Highlights for 8/20/2019 The North Shore Health Department has fielded quite a few bat-related calls lately, likely as the breeding season runs from June 1-August 15. Bats are responsible for the majority of human rabies cases. Rabid bats have been documented in all 49 continental states. In Wisconsin there have been almost 400 known rabid bats since 2002. Humans need to exercise extreme caution if a bat is found in their dwelling. Bat bites can be difficult to detect and the virus can be transmitted to humans from minor or unrecognizable bat bites, as well as from scratches. Bats should never be kept as pets. In the case of known or suspected human exposures involving bats, the bat should be safely collected, by an animal control specialist if necessary, and brought to the Wildlife Rehabilitation Center at the Wisconsin Humane Society for euthanasia. NSHD will coordinate the submission of the bat to the state lab for rabies testing. Rabies post exposure prophylaxis (PEP) treatment is recommended for all persons with bite, scratch, or mucous membrane exposure to a bat, unless the bat is available for testing and is negative for evidence of rabies. Follow these tips on how to minimize exposure to bats: Prevent bats from entering outdoor living quarters and other occupied space by sealing all holes to the outside. Screens or mosquito netting can provide a useful barrier against direct bat contact. Teach children to never handle live or dead bats, and not to approach any unfamiliar wild or domestic animals (even if they appear friendly). Tell them to report any contact or unusual animal behavior to an adult right away. Keep all pets up to date on their rabies vaccines and municipal licenses. This will help to keep your family safe from potential rabies exposures via domestic animals. The good news is that rabies in humans is 100% preventable through prompt appropriate medical care. If you are bitten, scratched, or unsure about exposure to a wild animal, wash the wound immediately and talk to a healthcare provider about whether you need PEP. To learn more about rabies and bats, visit: http://www.cdc.gov/rabies/exposure/animals/bats.html To learn more about the prevalence of rabies in Wisconsin this year, go to:https://datcp.wi.gov/Documents/RabiesMap2019.pdf and in past years, go to: https://datcp.wi.gov/Documents/RabiesMap2018.pdf andhttps://datcp.wi.gov/Documents/RabiesCountCumulative.pdf North Shore Health Department Highlights for 8/13/2019 Did You Know? The North Shore Health Department participates in a variety of community events throughout the summer including: National Night Out, Safety Days, Farmers’ Markets, Car Seat events, Bayside’s My Night in Blue event and many more. Community events build cohesion and resiliency among residents, businesses, government and community groups to make communities and neighborhoods safe and free of crime and violence. Community cohesion is the coming together of people with a shared vision and sense of belonging in which the diversity of people’s backgrounds and circumstances are valued and appreciated. Community resilience is the sustained ability of a community to utilize available resources to respond to, withstand and recover from adverse situations. Both community cohesion and resiliency are important elements of a safe and healthy community and are fostered through fun events and activities involving the whole community. Information about these and other events can be found on the NSHD website. Additionally, links to other information such as the CPSC’s (US Consumer and Product Safety Commission) website (https://www.cpsc.gov/recalls/) that provides information regarding recalls on products that have been linked to injuries and death. A link to FDA/USDA food product recalls (https://www.foodsafety.gov/recalls-and-outbreaks) can also be found on our website (https://www.nshealthdept.org/). North Shore Health Department Highlights for August 6, 2019 Did you know? The American Psychological Association (APA) provides information on how to manage stress and distress in the aftermath of mass shootings or other traumatic events (https://www.apa.org/helpcenter/mass-shooting). As the North Shore Health Department focuses on mental health and emotional well-being as one of our health priority areas, we wanted to share tips for managing the variety of emotions that may have surfaced with the recent mass shootings in Texas and Ohio. Some of these strategies include: Trust your instincts: If you see suspicious activity, report it to law enforcement. Talk about it: Ask for support from people who care and will listen to your concerns. Strive for balance: When a tragedy occurs, it’s easy to become overwhelmed and adopt a negative or pessimistic outlook. Balance that viewpoint by reminding yourself of people and events which are meaningful and comforting, even encouraging. Check out: https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/good-news for some good news. Striving for balance is empowering and allows for a healthier perspective on yourself and the world around you. Turn it off and take a break: Keeping informed is important, but if the news is upsetting, try to limit the amount you take in whether it’s from the Internet, television, newspapers or magazines. Take care of yourself: Engage in healthy behaviors to enhance your ability to cope with excessive stress. Eat well-balanced meals, drink water, get plenty of rest and build physical activity into every day. Help others or do something productive: Locate resources in your community to find ways that you can help people who have been affected by these incidents or have other needs. Helping someone else often has the benefit of making you feel better, too. The National Suicide Prevention Lifeline provides 24/7 free and confidential support for people in distress, and prevention and crisis resources for you and loved ones. Help is just a phone call or internet search away. Visit https://www.mentalhealth.gov/get-help, or call 1-800-273-8255 (Suicide Prevention Lifeline) or 1-800-662-4357 (SAMHSA Referral and Information line). Make the contact for yourself or a loved one. North Shore Health Department Highlights for July 30, 2019 Did you know? Over ten years ago, July was designated Minority Mental Health Awareness Month in the United States to bring awareness to the struggles underrepresented groups face with regards to mental illness. Data suggest racial and ethnic minority groups in the U.S. are less likely to have access to mental health services, less likely to use community mental health services, more likely to use emergency departments, and more likely to receive lower quality care. Poor mental health care access and quality contribute to multiple poor mental health outcomes, including suicide, among racial and ethnic minority populations. Some barriers to care have included lack of culturally competent providers, lack of diversity among mental health care providers, language barriers, mental health stigma, lack of insurance or underinsurance. While the term ‘minority’ is traditionally associated with racial, ethnic, or cultural minorities within the U.S., Mental Health America expands this term to include individuals from a wide-range of marginalized and underserved communities, including those who may identify as part of the LGBTQ+ spectrum, refugee and immigrant groups, religious groups, and others who are often overlooked. Mental health conditions do not discriminate based on race, color, gender or identity. Anyone can experience the challenges of mental illness regardless of their background. However, background and identity can make access to mental health treatment much more difficult. Help is just a phone call or internet search away. Visit https://findtreatment.samhsa.gov/ or https://www.mentalhealth.gov/get-help, or call 1-800-273-8255 (Suicide Prevention Lifeline) or 1-800-662-4357 (SAMHSA Referral and Information line). Make the contact for yourself or a loved one. North Shore Health Department Highlights for July 23rd, 2019 Did you know? July 28th is world Hepatitis Day. Worldwide, 300 million people are unknowingly living with viral hepatitis. On World Hepatitis Day we call on people to take action and raise awareness to find these “missing millions”. Hepatitis can be acute (short-term) or chronic (long-term), which can lead to liver failure, cirrhosis, or liver cancer if left untreated. Common symptoms include fever, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, dark urine, joint pain, light-colored stools, and jaundice. Symptoms can appear 2 weeks to 6 months after an acute infection or decades later with chronic infections. However, many people with hepatitis never experience symptoms, leaving many people undiagnosed. Currently, about 66% of people with Hepatitis B and 50% of people with Hepatitis C are unaware of their infection. As of 2017, an estimated 90,000 people were living with Hepatitis C in Wisconsin, with less than half having been identified and reported. How is it spread? Hepatitis A: Contact with objects, food, or drinks contaminated by feces or stool from an infected person Hepatitis B: Contact with blood, semen, or certain other body fluids from an infected person (i.e. unprotected sex, sharing dirty needles, sharing personal hygiene products) Hepatitis C: Contact with blood from an infected person (i.e. sharing dirty needles/syringes) Prevention Vaccinations are available to protect against Hepatitis A and B. However, there is currently no vaccine available for Hepatitis C. Wash your hands after going to the bathroom and before fixing food or eating. Use latex condoms for intercourse, which may lower the risk of sexual transmission. Avoid tap water when traveling to certain countries or regions. Ask your doctor about risks before you travel. Don't share drug needles. Don't share personal items—such as toothbrushes, razors and nail clippers—with an infected person. Who should be tested? Hepatitis A: No routine recommendations Hepatitis B: Current injection drug users, men who have sex with men, pregnant women and infants born to infected mothers, people on immunosuppressive therapy, people with end-stage renal disease Hepatitis C: Adults born between 1945 – 1965, current or former injection drug users, , long-term hemodialysis patients, infants born to infected mothers To learn more about hepatitis and the different viruses visit: https://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/abc/index.htm http://www.worldhepatitisday.org/ North Shore Health Department Highlights 07/16/2019 Did you know? The forecast for our area indicates heat index values rising above 95 to 100 this week, creating potentially dangerous conditions, especially for those most susceptible to heat-related illness; such as infants, the elderly and individuals with chronic heart and lung conditions and those on certain medications (those for blood pressure, heart disease and mental health). People who work outdoors or in hot settings should also be aware of the symptoms of heat-related illness and take precautions. The North Shore Health Department (NSHD) reminds residents to take steps to stay cool and safe during this heat wave. · Symptoms of heat-related illness: Muscle cramping may be the first symptom. Headaches nausea, strong or rapid pulse, dizziness and even death. Infants, children, and individuals 65 or older are at a higher risk of developing heat related illness because they are less likely to notice and less able to moderate the change in their body’s temperature. · Be aware of warning signs of dehydration for babies: dark urine or a child may have less urine in their diaper a dry or sticky mouth, no tears when crying, not appear active or playful, no appetite. Tips to reduce heat-related illness : Stay cool – wear light clothing, reduce sun exposure, and stay in air-conditioned buildings as much as possible. Do not rely on fans as a primary cooling device. If your home does not have air conditioning, consider public places such as shopping malls, movie theaters, or libraries. During extreme heat events, local cooling centers may open. Take cool baths or showers and use wet towels on your skin to help you cool down. Stay hydrated – increase water intake and never wait until you are thirsty to drink fluids. Limit dehydrating beverages – avoid alcohol and caffeinated beverages and those containing large quantities of sugar. Check on at-risk individuals (elderly twice a day. Wear lightweight, loose-fitting, light-colored clothing. Never leave children, disabled persons, or pets in a parked car – even briefly. For more information on the symptoms of heat-related illness, visit: https://www.cdc.gov/extremeheat/warning.html or https://www.dhs.wisconsin.gov/climate/heat.htm In conditions of high or extreme heat, the NSHD encourages residents to seek out designated cool sites. A list of cooling sites in Milwaukee, as well as heat safety tips, can be found at: https://city.milwaukee.gov/health/HotWeatherSafety#.XSzJG-hKjZs North Shore Health Department Highlights 07/09/2019 Did you know? Nutrition and Physical Activity is one of the focus areas for both the North Shore’s 2014-19 Community Health Improvement Plan (CHIP) and the 2020-2025 CHIP (currently under development). The USDA recommends filling half of your plate with fruits and vegetables at every meal. Fruits and vegetables provide the human body with micronutrients that are essential for development and disease prevention. According to the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee and Institute of Medicine, a poor diet can lead to energy imbalance and can increase one’s risk for becoming overweight or obese. Dietary and physical activity recommendations for healthful living are inextricably intertwined. Adequate physical activity provides protection against chronic diseases and helps to balance energy expenditure and intake. To help keep your body at its healthiest, stop by any of the North Shore’s local Farmers’ Markets to purchase seasonal, fresh produce. For a list of farmers markets state-wide check out https://www.ams.usda.gov/local-food-directories/farmersmarkets or farmfreshatlas.org. Brown Deer (June 12th - October 30th): Wednesdays, 9:00am - 5:30pm at the Marketplace Shopping Center – 9078 N. Green Bay Rd. Fox Point (June 15th – October 12th): Saturdays, 8:00am - 12:00pm at North Shore Congregational Church – 7330 N. Santa Monica Rd. Shorewood (June 16th – October 27th): Sundays, 9:30am – 1:00pm at the Lake Bluff Elementary playground – 1600 E. Lake Bluff Blvd. Whitefish Bay (July 8th - October 1st): Saturdays, 8:00am - 12:00pm at the Aurora Parking Lot– 324 E. Silver Spring Dr. Follow the tips below on easy ways to increase physical activity: • Join a walking group in the neighborhood or at the local shopping mall. • Do stretches, exercises, or pedal; a stationary bike while watching television. • Plant and care for a vegetable or flower garden. • Replace a coffee break with a brisk 10-minute walk. Ask a friend or co-worker to go with you. • Take a class and do something you like (martial arts, dance, yoga). • Most importantly, have fun while being active! Upcoming Immunization Clinics (appointment required) - Please call the North Shore Health Department for an appointment at 414-371-2980. Thursday, July 11, 3-4:30 p.m., Shorewood office Tuesday, July 16, 7:30-9:00 a.m., Shorewood office Wednesday, July 17, 3:30-4:30 p.m., Brown Deer office NO NS LIBRARY CLINIC IN JULY Thursday, August 8, 3-4:30 p.m., Shorewood office Tuesday, August 13, 10-11:00 a.m., Brown Deer office Tuesday, August 20, 7:30-9:00 a.m., Shorewood office Wednesday, August 21, 3:30-4:30 p.m., Brown Deer office Tuesday, August 27, 3:30-4:30 p.m., North Shore Library Upcoming Adult Health Clinics (appointment required; 8-10:00 a.m.) – Blood analysis for cholesterol, glucose and triglycerides, blood pressure, weight check and a nurse consultation. Please call the NSHD for an appointment at 414-371-2980. Wednesday, July 17, Brown Deer office Tuesday, July 23, Shorewood office Wednesday, August 21, Brown Deer office Tuesday, August 27, Shorewood office Upcoming Blood Pressure Screening (walk-ins welcome – no appointment necessary) Thursday, July 18, 11:30a.m.-12:00 p.m. LX Club (Bavarian Bierhaus at 700 W. Lexington Blvd, Glendale) Wednesday, July 24, 3:30-4:30 p.m., Shorewood office Wednesday, August 7, 12:15-1:00 p.m. Dolan Center (4355 W Bradley Rd) Thursday, August 15, 11:30a.m.-12:00 p.m. LX Club (WFB Women’s Club, 600 E. Henry Clay St) Wednesday, August 28, 3:30-4:30. p.m. Shorewood office For the most up-to-date information on pricing, upcoming clinics and screenings, visit the Clinics page of our website at: http://www.nshealthdept.org/Clinics North Shore Health Department Highlights 07/02/2019 Did you know? The UW – Medical Entomology Lab has confirmed that a group of mosquitos in the City of Milwaukee has tested positive for the West Nile Virus (WNV). This is the first evidence of WNV activity reported in Wisconsin this year. Mosquitos get infected when feeding on infected birds, so dead birds are also tracked in Wisconsin as an early warning sign of the presence of WNV in a county. While the possibility of exposure to the virus is present anytime mosquitos are active, as of 6/27/19, there have been no confirmed cases of infected humans in WI. Approximately 80% of people infected with WNV do not show symptoms. The other 20% may experience fever, rash, headache, fatigue, and joint pain. Immunocompromised people (such as infants, elderly and the ill) may be hit particularly hard. WNV is spread to people through the bite of an infected mosquito and is not transmitted person to person. There is no specific treatment. Prevention is the way to go. The NSHD reminds individuals to take steps to prevent mosquito bites, including: Apply an insect repellant with DEET, IR 3535, Picaridin, or oil of lemon eucalyptus to clothing as well as exposed skin (see restrictions for use in children). All these products can be found in your local drug or outdoor stores. For more information on repellent use, visit the CDC’s website: https://www.cdc.gov/westnile/faq/repellent.html Wear long-sleeved shirts and pants to cover exposed skin. Limit time outdoors at dusk and dawn, when mosquitos are most active. Prevent mosquitos from breeding by removing stagnant water from areas such as flowerpots, plastic containers, gutters and downspouts. Water in birdbaths and pet dishes should be changed at least every three days. Swimming pools, outdoor saunas and hot tubs should be cleaned and chlorinated. Trim tall grass, weeds, and vines as mosquitoes use these areas to rest during hot daylight hours, and regularly assess landscaping to prevent water from pooling in low-lying areas. Report sick or dead birds to the Dead Bird Hotline at 1-800-433-1610; the line is open each year from May 1st – October 31st. Mosquito-proof your home by fixing holes in screens, windows, and doors.